SAP R/3 Transport Management System (TMS) Final

Release (truck button) change task first (new900014) then new 900013
Now released and ready to import
SAP-TMS-Display-task-DR1K900014
Now logon to qr1 with ddic or other user

Click on import overview and Press refresh
SAP-TMS-Import-Overview-Domain_DR1
Double click on QR1
SAP-TMS-Import-Queue-System-QR1
Select request newk900013

Goto request→import
SAP-TMS-import-DR1K900013
We need to import the NEWK900163 to SRI 800 client
Observer the Truck icon(Import is under process)

After successful transfer the window is like this
SAP-R3-TMS-Import-Queue-System-QR1
Check the transfer of above Role by logging into QRI client 200
PFCG

  • Now the role is successfully transported from DEV to QAS
  • Now the transport request is automatically exported to production & ready to import if QAS is approved
  • Then we can import in production

SAP R/3 Transport Management System (TMS) Continued ..

SAP-R3-Transport-Management-System-TMS

go back to DR1 and press STMS and go to overview system

SAP-R3-TMS-Domain_DR1

Observe qr1 status and cat Select QR1 go to sapsystem→approve

SAP-R3-System-QR1

click yes

SAP-R3-System-Overview-DR1

observe status now its active for QR1. Now go to QR1 and click stms. check for no warning message. now do same steps for PR1

SAP-TMS-System-Domain-DR1

now configuration of tms is success now check by transporting any role With u r own user

SAP-TMS-Role-Maintenance

click transport button to transport role

SAP R/3 Transport Management System (TMS), Transport Routes

goto edit → tr.route → add tr.route draw line from dev to qas

SAP-TMS-Transport-Route

select consolidation , give tr.layer as sap and press ok. draw line from qas to prd select delivery route

SAP-TMS-Transport-RouteSAP-TMS-Create-Transport-Route

SAP-TMS-Display-Transport-Routes-Version-0002

Now create a ZDEV layer Click Edit/Transport Layer/Create

SAP-TMS-Create-Transport-Layer

now again draw line from dev to qas for cust. Object ZDEV. press yes and save configuration

SAP-TMS-Configuration-Short-Text

SAP-TMS-Distribute-and-Activate

press yes

SAP-TMS-Display-Transport-Routes-Version-0004

Logon to QR1 server with ddic user Press stms

SAP-TMS-include-System-in-Transport-Domain

press save

SAP R/3 Transport Management System (TMS), Transport Tools

Transport Tools

There are two executable programs, R3trans and tp, residing at Kernel level runs for a TR to be exported and imported.This tool R3trans does the complete transport work for tp which can be used for transporting data between different sap systems, even when they don’t belong to the same group. R3trans normally is not used directly but called from the transport control program, tp. It is the basic tool for the transporting the request. Where in R3trans.exe which obtains connection to the database TP controls the transports and generates the R3trans control files in tmp directory, but does no database-connect itself. All the “real work” is done from r3trans. So that R3trans reads the control file of TR and update the entries in to TRBAT and TRJOB tables. Then related programs, RDD*, started using background wp reads these table according to that imports the data form data file in to database of target system.

Common Transport directory

Usr/sap/trans of TDC residing at OS level of central instance, is called as common transport directory for all the systems taken place in the TD. Once a TR gets released accordingly there are two files get created in data and cofile folders of common transport directory and that TR number gets entered in to the target system buffer folder.

  • /Data: All transport requests data file gets stored in this, which are in the format of R<T.RNo>.<SID>
  • /Cofile: All transport requests control file gets stored in this, which are in the format of K<T.RNo>.<SID>
  • /bin: where Domain.cfg and transport profile which is tp_Domain_<Sid>.Pfl gets stored
  • /Log: Where all the TR logs get stored which are two types
    • -Slog: Which called as status log maintains steps were performed by TR.
    • -Alog: This is nothing but Action log maintains log information of every step like execution of reports, generation….etc in detail with the information of object list of TR.

Note: As per return codes

  • RC 0→successfully completed
  • RC 4→ended with warnings
  • RC 8→ Ended with errors (should be reported to ABAPers)
  • RC 12 & above→ended with errors (taken care by Basis admin).

/Buffer: Which maintains all the transport request information have to be added in to import queue of other systems connected in transport domain. Unless a TR added in to buffer which can not be imported in to target system..

/Sap Names: Maintains all the user ids of users who creates a TR and its list in that system

/Tmp: Called as temporary directory or temporary folder where support pack released logs get created.

Importing Transport request

As per two types of TR, generally which are local and remote, scc1 is to import the TR between different clients of same database where it was created. Remote TR consists two steps to move from one to another system, which are export and Import.

Export

Once a TR released as per the target mentioned to TR automatically gets added in to that target system import queue, If transport routes have been configured which is called as Export. Import:

STMS Configuration

take dev server as TDC login in to dev server with 000 and ddic user hit se06 to perform this post installation activity hit stms

STMS-Configure-transport-Domain

give system name,description and transort domain details and save

SAP-R3-Transport-Management-System

How to configure SAP R/3 Transport Management System (TMS) and Transport Domain Controller (TDC) using R3trans.exe and tp.exe

How to configure STMS

STMS needs to be configured to export and import transport request across systems in the landscape. This can be obtained with the help of R3trans.exe and tp.exe which are located in the kernel of central instance. TMS should be configured as a part of post installation after CTS has initialized. In TMS configuration, we have to identify one of the systems as TDC in the landscape.

Transport Domain Controller (TDC)

TDC acts as a leader for all the systems within a transport domain. TDC configures its local transport directly, /usr/sap/trans, as common transport directory for all the systems in transport domain and TDC allows configuration and administrative settings to be performed for other systems in the domain then changes distributed to all other systems.

Transport Domain (TD)

Collection of all the systems connected together in TMS is called as Transport Domain. Usually development system configured as TDC instead of quality and production.

TMS Configuration Setting up of TDC

Usually once Dev server installed we have to configure TMS after CTS initialization, which should be done by configuration of TDC. As QAS and PRD systems are not yet installed in the initial stage of implementation, generally, DEV gets configured as TDC. Logon to DEV with DDIC in client 000, execute STMS after initializing CTS. Once STMS executed for the first time system asks for the transport domain name setup and information of domain controller. Once required information is given save the configuration. Note:-To configure current system as TDC that local system information no need to be given, instead save the configuration.

  • Once TDC configured system performs below steps in back end.
  • Configures TD and TDC.
  • Creates Domain. CFG and Transport Profile in bin directory, which is sub directory of common transport directory.
  • Creates a user TMSADM with type communication.
  • Creates required RFC communications using TMSADM user.

Domain.CFG

This file is a part of bin directory created after TMS configured which maintains TD information means all the systems information taken place in TD. Incase this file has been corrupted, has to be regenerated by TMS tool, but should not be edited manually.

Transport Profile

It is a configuration file of transport domain resides in bin directory gets created by the system when TMS got configured. This transport profile TP_DOMAIN_SID.PFL, which contains all the system information includes SID, Common transport directory, DB type and DB information, etc… in terms of parameters and values. As per the configuration settings maintained in transport profile we are required to use different unconditional modes upon the requirement when importing a TR in to a specific system.

Virtual System Creation

As per the initial stage of the implementation project, only DEV system get installed which will be configured as TDC. When developer customizes object and includes them in a TR that request should be routed to its target system where it gets imported. But as the target quality system would not be installed already .We are required to create other quality and production system as virtual systems in TMS configuration with same SID will be used in future installation of these systems. So that a transport request can be exported to its mentioned target which is quality automatically once it is released. Later once other quality and production systems are physically installed we can convert them as physical systems in TMS by specifying same TDC as it was configured and approving them through TDC.

  • Go to STMS→System Overview→SAP System→Create→Virtual System
  • Mention SID and Description and save and repeat the same for other virtual systems also.

Create Transport Layer

Classification of all development objects as per its type which are standard and customized should be assigned with a transport layer which is standard and customized through which these objects gets exported/imported from integration to consolidation system. A transport layer configuration is a logical assumption because all the dev objects should be assigned with the transport layer either standard or customized. There is a standard layer “SAP” already exists in the system we need to create customized layer with Z<SID> format. Now two consolidation routes required to be created from integration to consolidation system with the assignment standard and customized layer. So that all standard objects will be moved through the standard layer, SAP, and customized objects moved through Z<SID> layer.

Transport route Configuration

Logical route gets created between the systems taken place in transport domain through which we assume a TR can be export/import is called transport route. We have two types of transport routs in TMS 1. Consolidation route 2. Delivery route

Consolidation Route

The route obtained between integrated system and consolidation system is known as consolidation route.

Delivery route

The route obtained between consolidation system to recipient system is called as delivery route.

Transport Target group

In case more than one system configured at consolidation level or recipient level, more than one consolidation route or delivery route cannot be created by assigning single transport layer. In this situation, grouping all consolidation systems with naming format /Name/ is called as target group. Now consolidation routes are targeting to this group, from the group to all the consolidation systems route obtained automatically so that a TR which has released an integrated system will be exported to all the systems in the group then can be imported into all.

  1. Go to STMS→Transport routs→Graphical Editor→change Drag and drop all the system boxes into the below area which are required to be configured with the routes.
  2. Go to Edit→Transport Layer→Create Create a customized layer with Z<SID> format.
  3. Go to Edit→Transport route→Create Drag the route to consolidation system
  4. Select Consolidation route give standard transport layer name→continue
  5. Perform the above for delivery route
  6. Then →Save So above configuration can be saved then distributed to all the systems in network.
  • As per the above configuration TMS setup will allow developers to customize R/3 objects and create a TR with the target of quality system.
  • Once the TR is released it will be exported to target system (QAS).
  • As QAS and PRD being as virtual systems a TR could not be imported in to those databases.
  • After quality and production servers are installed as a part of TMS configuration we need to give the information of TDC which is DEV system in QAS and Production systems.
  • Then Log on to TDC go to STMS → Systems Overview → select virtual systems(QAS,PRD) → go to SAP system → Approve.
  • Distribute and activate the configuration to all the systems in landscape so that all three systems in the landscape created in TDC are copied to other system (QAS, PRD).
  • After this is done, TR import is possible in QAS and PRD systems.

SAP R/3 CTS – Transport Organizer

Go back to 000 and Create request using the role in 000 client TCODE: SE01

SAP-R3-CTC-Create-request

R3-CTC-Create-request

Click on Request 0009 and click vew (first button). Next screen change from view to edit mode and add a new object of Program Type R3TR and Object Type ACGR and name of the role as ROLE_TEST then save.

R3-CTC-Display-request-DR1K900009

Click to go back and save the task.

SAP-R3-Change-request-task-DR1K900009

Release the Req 9

SAP-R3-CTC-Transport-Organizer-Request

SAP R3 Transport Organizer How to Setup Local Transport Request

Transport Organizer (SE01)

SE01 is used to display, change, release, checking locks of a TR. Once a TR is released there are no modifications can be made. SE01 can do both SE09 and SE10 functions.

CTS Initialization (SE06)

As a part of post installation, change and transport system (CTS) should be initialized with the type of installation performed. Then TMS should be configured with TDC (transport domain controller) includes system landscape. Once CTS initialized then only the creation of TR can be possible with all the customization. To initialize CTS, Go to SE06, select type of installation performed as described below then select “perform post-installation” button.

  • Standard Installation, which has to be selected if the server installed with SAP Export dump.
  • Database copy or Migration, Which has to be selected if server installed with system copy or Refresh mode.

SAP-post-Installation-Action-for-Transport-Organizer

Local transport (SCC1)

A transport request can be moved among different systems in the landscape depends on type of request. A transport request moving between the clients in the same system is called as local transport system or copying client specific objects among the clients.
The local transport can be obtained with SCC1 tcode which requires source client number of TR.

LOCAL TRANSPORT REQUEST

Make sure CTS is initialized after installation.

Aim: to Crate local request in 000 client using a role using PFCG Tcode & to transport to 300 client in the same R3 system(NEW).

Log on to 000 client with your user name & pw

Run T code: PFCG and Check the generated role in source & target client

SAP-R3-CTC-Change-Roles
Logon to Target Client Example: 100

Run PFCG and Confirm that the role does not exist in the 100 client.

SAP-R3-CTC-Roles-Maintenance
Confirmed

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